Pregnancy is not the only reason for having sexual intercourse. Sex is an important aspect of a relationship. If you are one such couple who enjoys the physical bond that you share and are not thinking about starting a family right now, or if you already have children and do not want any more, you have to read these below methods using which you can prevent pregnancy.
The most common and popular method of preventing pregnancy is wearing a condom. Condoms are available for both, men as well as women. They collect the semen that is ejected at the climax and hence help prevent pregnancy. They avoid direct contact between the male and female genitals and so protect the partners from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Women can also use diaphragms. These are a shallow silicone cups that are inserted inside the vagina and cover the cervix to avoid the semen from coming in contact with the egg.
Having Birth Control Pills is another popular method to avoid getting pregnant. These pills contain synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones that keep the eggs inside the ovaries and hence they cannot mate with the sperm. These are available on a valid prescription only. These hormones can also be injected in the body once every three months. There is also a Birth Control Patch that can be put on the arm, back or thigh, which is good for a few weeks. The ring is also an effective birth control method. It is inserted in the vagina and needs to be changed every month. You can also have a T shaped copper tube inserted, which affects the mobility of the sperm and does not need to be changed for years. It can also be easily removed when you are considering getting pregnant.
Surgery to prevent pregnancy can be performed on both men and women. In women, the irreversible method called sterilization involves closing the fallopian tubes; and in men, vasectomy means blocking their vasa deferentia, through which the sperm flow, preventing them from mixing with semen and leading to pregnancy.
4. Morning-after pill
There is also a method that can prevent pregnancy even after having sex without using any of the above methods. It is called the morning after pill. Please understand that this is only an emergency contraceptive and should not be used as a regular means of contraception. These pills are available across the counter at any pharmacy. The sooner they are taken after the intercourse, the better.
If you do not want to use any of the above methods, you can opt for a behavioural change. Be aware of your ovulation dates and do not have sex during these times. You can also note your temperature each day. The days when you are ovulating, your body temperature would be slightly high.
6. Controlled climax
This method requires a lot of self control. In this method, the couple enjoys peno-vaginal sex like always, but as soon as the guy realizes that his semen is going to spurt out, he pulls out his penis. Thus, the ejaculation happens outside the woman’s body. Yet, to be doubly careful, it is advisable that a condom is used, lest a stray sperm finds its way to the ovary!