Ask any girl whether she likes being on her period and she will respond in a firm NO. Even though women don’t love being on their periods, delayed or irregular periods are pretty frustrating nonetheless. Most women’s menstrual cycle ranges in an interval of 21 to 35 days. The period lasts between 2-5 days. But some women face the problem of erratic periods, where they start to menstruate before 21 days or much after 35 days, or sometimes not even for months. If you can relate to this and want to know the reasons for irregular periods and how to regulate them, then read on.
Gaining a lot of weight or losing weight rapidly, intense dieting, stress, lack of sleep, changes in exercising, depression, stress or other things that mess up your daily routine can be reasons for irregular periods. Balancing your lifestyle can help you regulate your periods. Stress less, eat healthy, and devise a proper daily routine to help yourself.
Age is a major factor in regulating period cycles. Generally, after getting their period for the first time, it takes years for the cycle to become regular in pubescent girls. It starts to regularise after puberty has ended. On the other hand, in women who are between 45-55 years of age, periods become irregular again because they are nearing their menopause. It is perfectly normal to have an unbalanced period cycle during these times.
If you have been fitted with and intra IUD which is a intrauterine device for birth control, or are on a birth control pill you may face the problem of irregular menses in the beginning. The IUD may cause heavy bleeding which might also be painful. However, if it seems to be getting worse, better visit your gynaec.
The contraceptive pill, due to its oestrogen and progestin components, causes the body to skip or delay its regular cycle of menses. Therefore, generally, after you go on the pill your periods might be irregular for up to 6 months. If it persists, the doctor will most likely prescribe you a new pill.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the condition where tiny cysts are formed on the ovaries that interfere with a woman’s regular periods. If the woman is obese and has PCOS and irregular periods, then losing weight may solve the problem of irregular periods. In other cases, your gynaec may prescribe pills that will help regulate the periods. PCOS going untreated can increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Having thyroid could be another reason for irregular periods. It is however rare. Hypothyroidism can lead to either infrequent or very frequent and heavy periods. The irregularities in the cycle can prove to be an obstacle to getting pregnant. Treating thyroid and keeping it in check is one way of regulating your periods.
Also read: Why Should You Visit The Gynecologist?
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that targets the reproductive organs in females. It’s a bacterial infection that can be caught by sexual intercourse, gynaecologist procedures, abortion, miscarriage or even child birth. It causes irregular periods and other symptoms like pelvic pains, vomiting, and diarrhoea amongst others. Mild cases of PID can be easily treated by antibiotics.
Irregular periods can also be caused by uterine or cervical cancer. The irregularity will mostly be in the form of bleeding out of the blue between two periods. However, bleeding caused by these cancers doesn’t happen often, but if you suspect you are suffering from the same, consult your doctor right away.
So, the next time your menstrual cycle goes haywire, remember these could be the reasons for irregular periods that you are going through. Don’t hesitate to get help from doctors if you need it!