The auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya is traditionally the birth of Lord Parasurama, who is the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This day falls on the third day of the bright half of the Vaishakh month that is between April and May. On this day, the sun and the moon are at the peak of brightness, which happens only once a year.
What happens on this day?
This day involves people conducting pujas and bathing in holy rivers. After this purification, the devotee offers barley in sacred fire and worships Lord Ganesha and Devi Lakshmi. People buy precious jewellery and valuables to begin the year of prosperity on this occasion. Since this day symbolizes purity, white payasam, jasmine flowers, kolam or even white vessels are used and made for the pujas.
How is the day celebrated?
People usually keep fasts on this day and even give rice, salt, ghee, vegetables, fruits and clothes to the poor and needy. The nearest idol being worshipped is sprinkled with tulsi water. People also give gifts to each other on this auspicious day.
Myths associated with this day
This day marks the beginning of ‘Satya Yug’ (Golden Age). In the Puranas or the holy Hindu scriptures, there is a story that states that Veda Vyasa along with Lord Ganesha started writing the great epic Mahabharata on this day. Mother Ganges is believed to have descended on the earth on this day. Another myth is, Lord Krishna on this day presented the Pandavas, who were in exile, an Akshaya Patra – a bowl which would never go empty and supply unlimited food.
Significance of this day
The meaning of the word Akshaya is eternal. Usually, valuables are bought and initiations are made on this day, which are thought to bring good fortune to the household. People also invest in gold and other ornaments on this day. Gold, being considered as a symbol of prosperity, signifies a never diminishing good fortune. It also marks new beginning for business ventures and weddings in Indian households. As far as business is considered, people open their new books or khatas on this day.
When it comes to marriages and engagements as well, Akshaya Tritiya is one of those days when you can go ahead and perform the ceremony without consulting a pundit for a date. Any action performed on this day is one that has the blessings of the Almighty and brings luck. Moreover, this day does not need a special muhurat as every moment of the day is auspicious.