The Mediterranean diet is a way of eating based on the foods available in and around the Mediterranean Sea. This diet is not exactly a food eating regimen, but rather a lifestyle – including foods, activities, and wine in moderation with meals. This diet has been studied and noted as one of the healthiest diets in the world. This lifestyle is full of wonderfully delicious flavour filled foods that you would never consider a task. In the recent past the Mediterranean diet followers enjoyed the lowest recorded rates of chronic diseases and the highest adult life expectancy.
This diet is characterized by a pattern similar to the one illustrated in the list below.
- An abundance of food from plant sources, including fruits and vegetables, potatoes, breads and grains, beans, nuts, and seeds
- Emphasis on a variety of minimally processed and, whenever possible, seasonally fresh and locally grown foods
- Olive oil as the principal fat, replacing other fats and oils
- Daily consumption of low to moderate amounts of cheese and yogurt
- Twice-weekly consumption of low to moderate amounts of fish and poultry
- Fresh fruit as the typical daily dessert; sweets with a significant amount of sugar and saturated fat consumed not more than a few times per week
- Red meat a few times per month
- Regular physical activity at a level which promotes a healthy weight, fitness and well-being
- Moderate consumption of wine, normally with meals; about one to two glasses per day for men and one glass per day for women