Do you dread looking into the mirror every morning? Do the dark patches on your skin make you want to cover them up with numerous layers of makeup? No, you're not the only one. Many people suffer from hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is a very common condition that can affect people of all ages and races especially if they live near the equator. We got our expert to explain to us the scenario under our skin and why does hyperpigmentation occur. And guess what? We got to know how to avoid it as well!
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Hyperpigmentation is basically a condition of skin darkening or developing dark patches on the skin due to various reasons – genetic or otherwise. Our expert informed us that the skin is made up of two primary layers – the upper layer is called the epidermis and the lower layer is called the dermis. "The epidermis and the dermis are further divided into other layers. The lower most layer of the epidermis is known as the basal layer and contains organelles called melanosomes. These melanosomes contain cells called melanocytes, which produce a pigment called melanin. The colour of skin depends mainly on this melanin and the amount of melanin present in the other layers of the epidermis," says our expert.
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Hyperpigmentation can be caused due to various reasons such as genetics, exposure to the harmful rays of the sun, hormonal imbalances, stress, or menopausal symptoms. It can even occur due to usage of birth control pills and insulin resistance, in some cases frequent usage of chemical hair dyes can cause hyperpigmentation of the skin. It is caused when there is an increased deposit of melanin in the dermis or the epidermis due to any of the reasons mentioned above.
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Prevention of hyperpigmentation is essential since the skin is a very sensitive organ and any damage on it can be harmful for our overall health and well-being. One of the best ways to prevent hyperpigmentation is to apply sunblock at all times. Even if you are in the safety of your home it is essential to apply a sun block of SPF 30 or more since the sunlight coming through your window can also be potentially harmful. Even the heat generated in your kitchen, and the radiation emitting from your computers and smart phones can be harmful for your skin! So make sure to apply sunscreen at all times.
Another way of avoiding pigmentation is by sticking to a healthy and balanced diet as deficiency of antioxidants in the body can lead to faster pigmentation. Try including antioxidant-rich foods such as apples, oranges, sweet-lime, lemonade and green tea in your diet.
There are many creams and lotions in the market that offer double benefits such as protection from the sun and also making your skin brighter.
All in all, it is important to prevent hyperpigmentation since simply covering it up with makeup will not help and it may possibly aggravate the situation.