8 Major Breakthroughs in Indian Cinema
Indian Cinema has come a long way from producing its first film in 1913 to making almost 1600 films a year now! Just 4 years ago (2013), Indian Cinema celebrated its centenary for overcoming a lot of challenges, having evolved into a glorious industry that has continued to entertain us. Here are a few major breakthroughs that we bet you didn't know about:
1. Raja Harishchandra (1913) : First Indian Film
Having both produced and directed by none other than the father of Indian cinema, Dada Saheb Phalke. With only one print, it was shown at Cinematograph Coronation and lay the first stone in Indian cinema!
2. Kisan Kanya (1937) : First colour film
Made in 1937 by Imperial Pictures, this film was based on a novel by Saadat Hasan Manto and was the first colour film made in India. It was one of the biggest achievements for the film industry.
3. Dhoop Chhaon (1935) : First Playback song
Another milestone was the introduction of playback singing in a film by Rai Chand Boral. Before this, the actors were required to sing live on the set which was recorded similar to dialogues.
4. Sangam (1964) : First Film to be shot abroad
Indian audience went crazy and lined up outside theatres just to see foreign locales on-screen. Raj Kapoor's ‘Sangam' was shot in parts of Europe and won him many awards for his direction and is remembered for its outstanding music and locations.
5. Marthanda Varma (1933) : First on-screen kiss
84 years ago, a 1933 Malayalam movie titled 'Marthanda Varma' starring A V P Menon and Padmini had the first kissing scene in Indian cinema.
6. Hanste Aansoo (1950) - First Indian film to receive an A-certificate
Madhubala and Motilal starrer ‘Hanste Aansoo' became the first film to receive 'only for adults' certification following the amendment of the original Indian Cinematograph Act (1918) in December 1949 by which time 'A' and 'U' had been introduced.
7. Bhakta Vidur (1921) - First film to face a ban
This mythological illustration alluded directly to political issues of the day and was banned in Madras and Karachi.
8. Bhanu Athaiya (1983) - First Indian to win an Oscar
India's first Oscar winner - Bhanu Athaiya, got the coveted award for costume design in film ‘Gandhi'.